Download File - Medical Club at SAS
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CAREERS IN HEALTHCARE
Benefits of working in healthcare
Job Growth Makes an impact Flexible (for all levels of education and experience) Competitive Never a dull moment
The SNAP officers researched the major healthcare professions Doctors Nurses Sports
Medicine Surgeons/ER Doctors Specialists
Checkpoints for most healthcare professions
Pre-med (4-years) MCAT (test for acceptance into medical school) Medical School (4-years) The Match (for acceptance into residency) Residency (3-7years depending on profession) Fellowship (optional)
4 years Prerequisites Major/minor in anything
What to do in pre-med:
During Fourth and final year in Medical school Interview October – February Colleges will look at your MCAT score and your interview
MCAT Four part test Physical Sciences (PS) Verbal Reasoning (VR) Writing Sample (WS) Biological Sciences (BS)
On-the-job training Year 1-4 annual salary is around $50,000 80 hour work week Look up years of residency for each specialty: http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home/publicat
Also called physicians A doctor diagnoses and treats diseases and conditions, as well as provides treatment in many forms including medication, procedures, surgery, or therapy.
“General Doctor” •
Primary care- Family Medicine provides continuing, comprehensive health care for individual and family Pediatrician
Does checkups, diagnoses, provides treatment for ages 0-18yrs
$125,000 - $161,000
11 - 13
a medical office hospitals, nursing homes
Years in school Job outlook Work in
3 years residency
3 years residency Median salary $172,098 Typically work longer hours (many do 60 or more hours work-weeks) on
call at all hours of the day or night including days that may be scheduled days off
4 years of undergraduate school, 4 years of medical school, and 3 to 8 years of internship and residency,
Many Subspecialties including: Registered Nurse Nurse Practitioner Flexible schedule 3 days, 12 hours each day 4 days, 10 hours each day
provide and coordinate patient care educate patients and the public about various health conditions provide advice and emotional support to patients and their family members.
first in line to diagnose and treat illnesses and injuries. Can make prescriptions often require a BSN (Bachelors of Science in Nursing), followed by additional training, sometimes requiring a Masters in Nursing
Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses
provide basic nursing care. They work under the direction of registered nurses and doctors. work in facilities, hospitals, physicians' offices, and private homes.
Top 10 Highest Paying Nursing Specialties
1) Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist – $135,000 2) Nurse Researcher – $95,000 3) Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner – $95,000 4) Certified Nurse Midwife – $84,000 5) Pediatric Endocrinology Nurse – $81,000 6) Orthopedic Nurse – $81,000 7) Nurse Practitioner – $78,000 8) Clinical Nurse Specialist – $76,000 9) Gerontological Nurse Practitioner – $75,000 10) Neonatal Nurse – $74,000
branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness, treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise has the potential to save an athlete's career, and possibly their life. The minimum requirements:
an undergraduate degree in a related field, such as athletic training or exercise science a passing score on the state licensing exam.
Athletic Trainers/Therapist Duties
Sport equipment fitting, maintenance, and emergency removal Applying protective/supportive techniques that allow the athlete to regain physically active lifestyle Immediate on-field emergency injury assessment and management
Supervising pre-participation physical & medical history Clearing of players for return to play after injury Work with AT and student athletic trainers/therapist in further development of AT program
Sports Medicine Doctor
Examination X-Rays Preparation Operations Rehabilitation Sports medicine physician: $220,000
Surgeons are physicians who operate to repair injuries, correct deformities, prevent diseases, and generally improve the health of patients. trained specifically to operate on patients in need of a variety of acute surgical procedures. Surgery involves making an incision on the patient's body and repairing or removing an internal part of the body, and then closing the incision for optimum recovery. 5-6 years residency
work four and a half to five days a week on a regular basis, plus any time being on-call for emergencies or urgent situations being a surgeon is more than a forty-hour per week job. Most surgeons work 50-60 hours weekly, including on-call time, administrative duties, and other responsibilities. Usually surgeons will have about 3 days blocked off for surgery and 2 days devoted to office hours for follow-up appointments or preoperative consultations.
long or irregular hours long periods of standing while performing surgeries required to attend to patients on-call
General Surgeons:$330,215 Orthopedic surgeons:$475,781 Neurosurgeons:$623,936 Plastic surgeons:$408,065
3 years residency Internists are typically generalists who cover a broad scope of medicine to include total body wellness, disease prevention, and management of chronic conditions and illnesses. Internists typically treat adults, some adolescents, and elderly as well. Typical office hours are about 8am to 5pm, 4 to 5 days per week
Internal Medicine subspecialties Cardiologist: treats diseases of the heart, lungs, blood vessels and complex cardiac conditions; requires a three-year fellowship. Endocrinologist: treats diseases or conditions of the glands, hormones and other internal secretions – requires an additional two years of fellowship after internal medicine residency. Gastroenterologist: treats digestive system including stomach, liver, and intestines; requires a two-year fellowship. Nephrologist: treats kidney disorders; requires 2 year fellowship after residency. Pulmonologist: treats lung diseases and disorders such as COPD, asthma, cancer, breathing and sleep problems. Requires 2 year fellowship. Oncologist: treats cancers and solid tumors of all kinds, and administers chemotherapy. Requires 2 years of fellowship after internal medicine residency. Rheumatologist: treats disorders of joints, muscles and bones, such as arthritis. Requires 3 years of fellowship training. Allergist & Immunologist: diagnoses, evaluates, and manages severe allergies and deficiencies of the immune system. Requires two year fellowship.
The cardiologist job description would be the standard cardiology physician who treats and diagnoses heart disease. The interventional cardiologist is a physician who performs a variety of invasive tests and procedures to assist in diagnoses of and treatment of cardiac disease. Cardiologists specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and intervention of diseases of the heart and cardiovascular system. Most of them work in small private offices or clinics, 3-8 years of internship and residency
More than 60 specialties Subspecialties in almost all fields Increasing with new technology
3 years residency Median salary $249,880. Treats patients in emergency room to ensure proper injury care and disease diagnosis, treatment, and recovery. Works with life-or-death situations New experiences
Examines, diagnoses, and surgically treats musculoskeletal diseases and injuries. Performs surgical procedures to immobilize fractures by using corrective devices such as braces, pins, casts, and splints. Median salary $414,000 5 years
$74,651 – $123,115
Doctorate; state-issued license required
Optometrists diagnose, manage and treat conditions and diseases of the eyes and visual system. May prescribe drugs to treat some eye diseases. Optometrists work in offices, typically as private practitioners or in retail optical stores.
The main purpose of a radiologist is to diagnose diseases through the use of x-rays. Can work at home Sometimes reviews x-rays with personal technology Great for travelling
Salary: $85,000 most individuals have at least three years of college education. may require successful completion of the Pharmacy College Admissions Test (PCAT).
deal with hardware such as retainers and headgear with goal of aligning teeth improves the appearance or the ability of the person to chew and swallow food without difficulty or pain. 2-3 years residency
responsible for maintenance of the patient’s vital life functions—heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, breathing—through continual monitoring and assessment during surgery. 4 years residency often on call for all hours of the day.
In extreme cases they can work over 80 hours per week
Top Medical Colleges
#1 Harvard University Boston, MA Full-time: $47,500 #2 Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD Full-time: $42,600 455 #2 University of Pennsylvania (Perelman) Philadelphia, PA Full-time: $45,498 636 #4 Stanford University Stanford, CA Full-time: $45,744 449 #5 University of California--San Francisco San Francisco, CA Full-time: $29,856 (in-state), Full-time: $42,101 (out-of-state)
What to do in high school
Take many science and math classes Human
Anatomy + Physiology • Educate yourself -Volunteer at hospitals/medical organizations -Internships -Research on your own • Keep an open mind!
Interviews from people working in medicine etc http://www.jobshadow.com/list-of-interviews/
Overview of other medical professions: www.healthjobsstarthere.com